In January 2024, gas production in Uzbekistan fell to 3.99 billion cubic meters, according to the Statistics Agency’s report on industrial production, analyzed by

Production reduced by 9.4%, or 317.3 million cubic meters, compared to January 2023. This drop followed an energy crisis in the previous year. Notably, it’s the highest production since March 2023 (4.16 billion cubic meters).

Gas production starting from 2022.Gas production starting from 2022.Data on coal, oil, natural gas, gas condensate from large entities over January (presented as % change from the previous year)Data on coal, oil, natural gas, gas condensate from large entities over January (presented as % change from the previous year)

Electricity generation for the first month reached 7.05 billion kWh (+0.5%). However, this fell 3% below December's figure of 7.27 billion kWh.

Notably, approximately 80−85% of Uzbekistan’s electricity comes from thermal power plants fueled by gas. However, this share is gradually diminishing due to the integration of new photovoltaic power plants into the energy grid.

Coal production recorded a 13.8% (57,200 tons) decrease from January 2023, amounting to 357,800 tons, or a drop of 98,900 tons from December’s production of 456,700 tons.

Oil production in Uzbekistan starting from 2022.Oil production in Uzbekistan starting from 2022.

Oil production decreased to 60,500 tons (-6.3%, or by 4,000 tons), which is the lowest since February 2022. This decline persisted for the sixth consecutive month.

Over a month, 124,600 tons of motor gasoline were produced, marking a decrease of 10.8% or 15,000 tons compared to January 2023. However, this figure represents the highest output since July of the previous year, when production reached 133,200 tons.

Diesel fuel output saw a decline of 0.6%, or 300 tons, to 50,200 tons.

The production of thermal energy recorded a 6.2% decline, dropping from 3.07 million to 2.87 million GCal, while the production of gas condensate grew to 111,700 tons.

The number of operating enterprises decreased by 25,200 to 68,690, marking the lowest figure in the last five years, according to the Statistics Agency. Despite this, industrial production in physical volume increased by 16.6% compared to the crisis in January last year.

In 2023, Uzbekistan witnessed a nearly 5 billion cubic meters decrease in gas production. Oil and gas condensate output also declined, while coal production saw a 15.5% increase, reaching 6.2 million tons. Additionally, there were uprises in the production of electricity, gasoline, and diesel.

Last year, Uzbekistan’s gas imports surpassed gas exports, resulting in a supply gap exceeding $165 million. analyzed the factors contributing to this situation, considering the country’s substantial gas reserves.